Using Pest Wizard traps for monitoring and trapping pest insects is an important part of a comprehensive Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy. Once you've caught some insects, it's time to assess the problem and decide on additional solutions.
Not sure what insect you're dealing with? Correct identification is essential when planning your pest control strategy. Read more on how to identify your pest insect species.
Once you know what you're dealing with, and how big or urgent of a problem it is, you can best determine the course of action for the pest. Here are some common IPM solutions that may be useful in your situation:
Prevention is best. “Help nature help itself”
- Planting strategies will reduce some pests: Trap crops. Delayed planting. Staggered/succession planting. Crop rotation. Select resistant or less attractive varieties/cultivars.
- Field sanitation during and after the growing season: clean up crop debris and weeds to remove hiding places, hibernation sites and diseased or infested plants
- Proper pruning will keep plants vigorous to better defend themselves, and remove diseased or infested branches and fruits
- Exclusion tactics will keep both large and small pests from accessing your crops: Insect barriers and row covers. Barrier socks for tree fruits. Gopher wire. Deer fence. Note: Timing matters! Do not use insect barriers on flowering plants that need to be visited by pollinizers, unless you can hand-pollinate those plants (parthenocarpic varieties don’t need pollination to fruit).
- Encourage and protect beneficial insects. If the problem pest is a honeydew producing insect, control the ant population so predator species can eat the pest.
- Do your best to improve overall plant vigor: soil drainage, irrigation, proper fertilization (not too much or too little for any of these), weed control, protect tree trunks from mower/weed wacker damage, etc. Pests are most likely to attack stressed and damaged plants.
- The earlier you can find and eliminate the pest, the better. Most traps are for the adult stage. Eggs can be hard to see or hidden. Some larvae live in soil, under bark, or in fruit and are difficult or impossible to see.
- Identify pest so you can choose the best pest control methods for that species.
- Monitor the pest so you can know the best timing to apply pesticide, or if the pest population is high enough to need treatment at all.
- Monitoring and identification first will save you money! You will know exactly what to buy and when to use it, so you don't buy unnecessary or incorrect pest control products
- The Goal: Protect beneficial and non-target species
- Traps with pheromone lures to attract only one species
- Some biological pesticides are species specific, meaning they will have little to no effect on other species
- Other targeted pesticides, like baits and scare devices, will have little to no effect on other species
- If a targeted pest solution is not available, choose the least toxic broad spectrum pesticides first.
- Organic and conventional pesticides should only be used for crops and species on the label, and use as directed to prevent runoff or other environmental hazards.